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gfs.c

/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */
/* Portions Copyright 2007 Shivakumar GN */
/*
 * Copyright 2008 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

#pragma ident     "%Z%%M%     %I%   %E% SMI"

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/cmn_err.h>
#include <sys/debug.h>
#include <sys/dirent.h>
#include <sys/kmem.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/mutex.h>
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/sunddi.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <sys/vfs.h>
#include <sys/vnode.h>
#include <sys/cred.h>
#include <sys/kdb.h>

#include <sys/gfs.h>

/*
 * Generic pseudo-filesystem routines.
 *
 * There are significant similarities between the implementation of certain file
 * system entry points across different filesystems.  While one could attempt to
 * "choke up on the bat" and incorporate common functionality into a VOP
 * preamble or postamble, such an approach is limited in the benefit it can
 * provide.  In this file we instead define a toolkit of routines which can be
 * called from a filesystem (with in-kernel pseudo-filesystems being the focus
 * of the exercise) in a more component-like fashion.
 *
 * There are three basic classes of routines:
 *
 * 1) Lowlevel support routines
 *
 *    These routines are designed to play a support role for existing
 *    pseudo-filesystems (such as procfs).  They simplify common tasks,
 *    without forcing the filesystem to hand over management to GFS.  The
 *    routines covered are:
 *
 *    gfs_readdir_init()
 *    gfs_readdir_emit()
 *    gfs_readdir_emitn()
 *    gfs_readdir_pred()
 *    gfs_readdir_fini()
 *    gfs_lookup_dot()
 *
 * 2) Complete GFS management
 *
 *    These routines take a more active role in management of the
 *    pseudo-filesystem.  They handle the relationship between vnode private
 *    data and VFS data, as well as the relationship between vnodes in the
 *    directory hierarchy.
 *
 *    In order to use these interfaces, the first member of every private
 *    v_data must be a gfs_file_t or a gfs_dir_t.  This hands over all control
 *    to GFS.
 *
 *    gfs_file_create()
 *    gfs_dir_create()
 *    gfs_root_create()
 *
 *    gfs_file_inactive()
 *    gfs_dir_inactive()
 *    gfs_dir_lookup()
 *    gfs_dir_readdir()
 *
 *    gfs_vop_inactive()
 *    gfs_vop_lookup()
 *    gfs_vop_readdir()
 *    gfs_vop_map()
 *
 * 3) Single File pseudo-filesystems
 *
 *    This routine creates a rooted file to be overlayed ontop of another
 *    file in the physical filespace.
 *
 *    Note that the parent is NULL (actually the vfs), but there is nothing
 *    technically keeping such a file from utilizing the "Complete GFS
 *    management" set of routines.
 *
 *    gfs_root_create_file()
 */

/*
 * Low level directory routines
 *
 * These routines provide some simple abstractions for reading directories.
 * They are designed to be used by existing pseudo filesystems (namely procfs)
 * that already have a complicated management infrastructure.
 */

/*
 * gfs_get_parent_ino: used to obtain a parent inode number and the
 * inode number of the given vnode in preparation for calling gfs_readdir_init.
 */
int
gfs_get_parent_ino(vnode_t *dvp, cred_t *cr, caller_context_t *ct,
    ino64_t *pino, ino64_t *ino)
{
      vnode_t *parent;
      gfs_dir_t *dp = dvp->v_data;
      int error;

      *ino = dp->gfsd_file.gfs_ino;
      parent = dp->gfsd_file.gfs_parent;

      if (parent == NULL) {
            *pino = *ino;           /* root of filesystem */
      } else if (dvp->v_flag & V_XATTRDIR) {
#ifdef TODO
            vattr_t va;

            va.va_mask = AT_NODEID;
            error = VOP_GETATTR(parent, &va, 0, cr, ct);
            if (error)
                  return (error);
            *pino = va.va_nodeid;
#else
            panic("%s:%u: not implemented", __func__, __LINE__);
#endif
      } else {
            *pino = ((gfs_file_t *)(parent->v_data))->gfs_ino;
      }

      return (0);
}

/*
 * gfs_readdir_init: initiate a generic readdir
 *   st           - a pointer to an uninitialized gfs_readdir_state_t structure
 *   name_max     - the directory's maximum file name length
 *   ureclen      - the exported file-space record length (1 for non-legacy FSs)
 *   uiop   - the uiop passed to readdir
 *   parent - the parent directory's inode
 *   self   - this directory's inode
 *   flags  - flags from VOP_READDIR
 *
 * Returns 0 or a non-zero errno.
 *
 * Typical VOP_READDIR usage of gfs_readdir_*:
 *
 *    if ((error = gfs_readdir_init(...)) != 0)
 *          return (error);
 *    eof = 0;
 *    while ((error = gfs_readdir_pred(..., &voffset)) != 0) {
 *          if (!consumer_entry_at(voffset))
 *                voffset = consumer_next_entry(voffset);
 *          if (consumer_eof(voffset)) {
 *                eof = 1
 *                break;
 *          }
 *          if ((error = gfs_readdir_emit(..., voffset,
 *              consumer_ino(voffset), consumer_name(voffset))) != 0)
 *                break;
 *    }
 *    return (gfs_readdir_fini(..., error, eofp, eof));
 *
 * As you can see, a zero result from gfs_readdir_pred() or
 * gfs_readdir_emit() indicates that processing should continue,
 * whereas a non-zero result indicates that the loop should terminate.
 * Most consumers need do nothing more than let gfs_readdir_fini()
 * determine what the cause of failure was and return the appropriate
 * value.
 */
int
gfs_readdir_init(gfs_readdir_state_t *st, int name_max, int ureclen,
    uio_t *uiop, ino64_t parent, ino64_t self, int flags)
{
      size_t dirent_size;

      if (uiop->uio_loffset < 0 || uiop->uio_resid <= 0 ||
          (uiop->uio_loffset % ureclen) != 0)
            return (EINVAL);

      st->grd_ureclen = ureclen;
      st->grd_oresid = uiop->uio_resid;
      st->grd_namlen = name_max;
      if (flags & V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS)
            dirent_size = EDIRENT_RECLEN(st->grd_namlen);
      else
            dirent_size = DIRENT64_RECLEN(st->grd_namlen);
      st->grd_dirent = kmem_zalloc(dirent_size, KM_SLEEP);
      st->grd_parent = parent;
      st->grd_self = self;
      st->grd_flags = flags;

      return (0);
}

/*
 * gfs_readdir_emit_int: internal routine to emit directory entry
 *
 *   st           - the current readdir state, which must have d_ino/ed_ino
 *            and d_name/ed_name set
 *   uiop   - caller-supplied uio pointer
 *   next   - the offset of the next entry
 */
static int
gfs_readdir_emit_int(gfs_readdir_state_t *st, uio_t *uiop, offset_t next,
    int *ncookies, u_long **cookies)
{
      int reclen, namlen;
      dirent64_t *dp;
      edirent_t *edp;

      if (st->grd_flags & V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS) {
            edp = st->grd_dirent;
            namlen = strlen(edp->ed_name);
            reclen = EDIRENT_RECLEN(namlen);
      } else {
            dp = st->grd_dirent;
            namlen = strlen(dp->d_name);
            reclen = DIRENT64_RECLEN(namlen);
      }

      if (reclen > uiop->uio_resid) {
            /*
             * Error if no entries were returned yet
             */
            if (uiop->uio_resid == st->grd_oresid)
                  return (EINVAL);
            return (-1);
      }

      if (st->grd_flags & V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS) {
            edp->ed_off = next;
            edp->ed_reclen = (ushort_t)reclen;
      } else {
            /* XXX: This can change in the future. */
            dp->d_reclen = (ushort_t)reclen;
            dp->d_type = DT_DIR;
            dp->d_namlen = namlen;
      }

      if (uiomove((caddr_t)st->grd_dirent, reclen, UIO_READ, uiop))
            return (EFAULT);

      uiop->uio_loffset = next;
      if (*cookies != NULL) {
            **cookies = next;
            (*cookies)++;
            (*ncookies)--;
            KASSERT(*ncookies >= 0, ("ncookies=%d", *ncookies));
      }

      return (0);
}

/*
 * gfs_readdir_emit: emit a directory entry
 *   voff       - the virtual offset (obtained from gfs_readdir_pred)
 *   ino        - the entry's inode
 *   name       - the entry's name
 *   eflags - value for ed_eflags (if processing edirent_t)
 *
 * Returns a 0 on success, a non-zero errno on failure, or -1 if the
 * readdir loop should terminate.  A non-zero result (either errno or
 * -1) from this function is typically passed directly to
 * gfs_readdir_fini().
 */
int
gfs_readdir_emit(gfs_readdir_state_t *st, uio_t *uiop, offset_t voff,
    ino64_t ino, const char *name, int eflags, int *ncookies, u_long **cookies)
{
      offset_t off = (voff + 2) * st->grd_ureclen;

      if (st->grd_flags & V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS) {
            edirent_t *edp = st->grd_dirent;

            edp->ed_ino = ino;
            (void) strncpy(edp->ed_name, name, st->grd_namlen);
            edp->ed_eflags = eflags;
      } else {
            dirent64_t *dp = st->grd_dirent;

            dp->d_ino = ino;
            (void) strncpy(dp->d_name, name, st->grd_namlen);
      }

      /*
       * Inter-entry offsets are invalid, so we assume a record size of
       * grd_ureclen and explicitly set the offset appropriately.
       */
      return (gfs_readdir_emit_int(st, uiop, off + st->grd_ureclen, ncookies,
          cookies));
}

/*
 * gfs_readdir_pred: readdir loop predicate
 *   voffp - a pointer in which the next virtual offset should be stored
 *
 * Returns a 0 on success, a non-zero errno on failure, or -1 if the
 * readdir loop should terminate.  A non-zero result (either errno or
 * -1) from this function is typically passed directly to
 * gfs_readdir_fini().
 */
int
gfs_readdir_pred(gfs_readdir_state_t *st, uio_t *uiop, offset_t *voffp,
    int *ncookies, u_long **cookies)
{
      offset_t off, voff;
      int error;

top:
      if (uiop->uio_resid <= 0)
            return (-1);

      off = uiop->uio_loffset / st->grd_ureclen;
      voff = off - 2;
      if (off == 0) {
            if ((error = gfs_readdir_emit(st, uiop, voff, st->grd_self,
                ".", 0, ncookies, cookies)) == 0)
                  goto top;
      } else if (off == 1) {
            if ((error = gfs_readdir_emit(st, uiop, voff, st->grd_parent,
                "..", 0, ncookies, cookies)) == 0)
                  goto top;
      } else {
            *voffp = voff;
            return (0);
      }

      return (error);
}

/*
 * gfs_readdir_fini: generic readdir cleanup
 *   error  - if positive, an error to return
 *   eofp   - the eofp passed to readdir
 *   eof    - the eof value
 *
 * Returns a 0 on success, a non-zero errno on failure.  This result
 * should be returned from readdir.
 */
int
gfs_readdir_fini(gfs_readdir_state_t *st, int error, int *eofp, int eof)
{
      size_t dirent_size;

      if (st->grd_flags & V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS)
            dirent_size = EDIRENT_RECLEN(st->grd_namlen);
      else
            dirent_size = DIRENT64_RECLEN(st->grd_namlen);
      kmem_free(st->grd_dirent, dirent_size);
      if (error > 0)
            return (error);
      if (eofp)
            *eofp = eof;
      return (0);
}

/*
 * gfs_lookup_dot
 *
 * Performs a basic check for "." and ".." directory entries.
 */
int
gfs_lookup_dot(vnode_t **vpp, vnode_t *dvp, vnode_t *pvp, const char *nm)
{
      if (*nm == '\0' || strcmp(nm, ".") == 0) {
            VN_HOLD(dvp);
            *vpp = dvp;
            return (0);
      } else if (strcmp(nm, "..") == 0) {
            if (pvp == NULL) {
                  ASSERT(dvp->v_flag & VROOT);
                  VN_HOLD(dvp);
                  *vpp = dvp;
            } else {
                  VN_HOLD(pvp);
                  *vpp = pvp;
            }
            vn_lock(*vpp, LK_EXCLUSIVE | LK_RETRY);
            return (0);
      }

      return (-1);
}

/*
 * gfs_file_create(): create a new GFS file
 *
 *   size   - size of private data structure (v_data)
 *   pvp    - parent vnode (GFS directory)
 *   ops    - vnode operations vector
 *
 * In order to use this interface, the parent vnode must have been created by
 * gfs_dir_create(), and the private data stored in v_data must have a
 * 'gfs_file_t' as its first field.
 *
 * Given these constraints, this routine will automatically:
 *
 *    - Allocate v_data for the vnode
 *    - Initialize necessary fields in the vnode
 *    - Hold the parent
 */
vnode_t *
gfs_file_create(size_t size, vnode_t *pvp, vfs_t *vfsp, vnodeops_t *ops)
{
      gfs_file_t *fp;
      vnode_t *vp;
      int error;

      /*
       * Allocate vnode and internal data structure
       */
      fp = kmem_zalloc(size, KM_SLEEP);
      error = getnewvnode("zfs", vfsp, ops, &vp);
      ASSERT(error == 0);
      vn_lock(vp, LK_EXCLUSIVE | LK_RETRY);
      vp->v_data = (caddr_t)fp;

      /*
       * Set up various pointers
       */
      fp->gfs_vnode = vp;
      fp->gfs_parent = pvp;
      fp->gfs_size = size;
      fp->gfs_type = GFS_FILE;

      vp->v_vflag |= VV_FORCEINSMQ;
      error = insmntque(vp, vfsp);
      vp->v_vflag &= ~VV_FORCEINSMQ;
      KASSERT(error == 0, ("insmntque() failed: error %d", error));

      /*
       * Initialize vnode and hold parent.
       */
      if (pvp)
            VN_HOLD(pvp);

      return (vp);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_create: creates a new directory in the parent
 *
 *   size   - size of private data structure (v_data)
 *   pvp    - parent vnode (GFS directory)
 *   ops    - vnode operations vector
 *   entries      - NULL-terminated list of static entries (if any)
 *   maxlen - maximum length of a directory entry
 *   readdir_cb   - readdir callback (see gfs_dir_readdir)
 *   inode_cb     - inode callback (see gfs_dir_readdir)
 *   lookup_cb    - lookup callback (see gfs_dir_lookup)
 *
 * In order to use this function, the first member of the private vnode
 * structure (v_data) must be a gfs_dir_t.  For each directory, there are
 * static entries, defined when the structure is initialized, and dynamic
 * entries, retrieved through callbacks.
 *
 * If a directory has static entries, then it must supply a inode callback,
 * which will compute the inode number based on the parent and the index.
 * For a directory with dynamic entries, the caller must supply a readdir
 * callback and a lookup callback.  If a static lookup fails, we fall back to
 * the supplied lookup callback, if any.
 *
 * This function also performs the same initialization as gfs_file_create().
 */
vnode_t *
gfs_dir_create(size_t struct_size, vnode_t *pvp, vfs_t *vfsp, vnodeops_t *ops,
    gfs_dirent_t *entries, gfs_inode_cb inode_cb, int maxlen,
    gfs_readdir_cb readdir_cb, gfs_lookup_cb lookup_cb)
{
      vnode_t *vp;
      gfs_dir_t *dp;
      gfs_dirent_t *de;

      vp = gfs_file_create(struct_size, pvp, vfsp, ops);
      vp->v_type = VDIR;

      dp = vp->v_data;
      dp->gfsd_file.gfs_type = GFS_DIR;
      dp->gfsd_maxlen = maxlen;

      if (entries != NULL) {
            for (de = entries; de->gfse_name != NULL; de++)
                  dp->gfsd_nstatic++;

            dp->gfsd_static = kmem_alloc(
                dp->gfsd_nstatic * sizeof (gfs_dirent_t), KM_SLEEP);
            bcopy(entries, dp->gfsd_static,
                dp->gfsd_nstatic * sizeof (gfs_dirent_t));
      }

      dp->gfsd_readdir = readdir_cb;
      dp->gfsd_lookup = lookup_cb;
      dp->gfsd_inode = inode_cb;

      mutex_init(&dp->gfsd_lock, NULL, MUTEX_DEFAULT, NULL);

      return (vp);
}

/*
 * gfs_root_create(): create a root vnode for a GFS filesystem
 *
 * Similar to gfs_dir_create(), this creates a root vnode for a filesystem.  The
 * only difference is that it takes a vfs_t instead of a vnode_t as its parent.
 */
vnode_t *
gfs_root_create(size_t size, vfs_t *vfsp, vnodeops_t *ops, ino64_t ino,
    gfs_dirent_t *entries, gfs_inode_cb inode_cb, int maxlen,
    gfs_readdir_cb readdir_cb, gfs_lookup_cb lookup_cb)
{
      vnode_t *vp;

      VFS_HOLD(vfsp);
      vp = gfs_dir_create(size, NULL, vfsp, ops, entries, inode_cb,
          maxlen, readdir_cb, lookup_cb);
      /* Manually set the inode */
      ((gfs_file_t *)vp->v_data)->gfs_ino = ino;
      vp->v_flag |= VROOT;

      return (vp);
}

/*
 * gfs_file_inactive()
 *
 * Called from the VOP_INACTIVE() routine.  If necessary, this routine will
 * remove the given vnode from the parent directory and clean up any references
 * in the VFS layer.
 *
 * If the vnode was not removed (due to a race with vget), then NULL is
 * returned.  Otherwise, a pointer to the private data is returned.
 */
void *
gfs_file_inactive(vnode_t *vp)
{
      int i;
      gfs_dirent_t *ge = NULL;
      gfs_file_t *fp = vp->v_data;
      gfs_dir_t *dp = NULL;
      void *data;

      if (fp->gfs_parent == NULL || (vp->v_flag & V_XATTRDIR))
            goto found;

      /*
       * XXX cope with a FreeBSD-specific race wherein the parent's
       * snapshot data can be freed before the parent is
       */
      if ((dp = fp->gfs_parent->v_data) == NULL)
            return (NULL);
            
      /*
       * First, see if this vnode is cached in the parent.
       */
      gfs_dir_lock(dp);

      /*
       * Find it in the set of static entries.
       */
      for (i = 0; i < dp->gfsd_nstatic; i++)  {
            ge = &dp->gfsd_static[i];

            if (ge->gfse_vnode == vp)
                  goto found;
      }

      /*
       * If 'ge' is NULL, then it is a dynamic entry.
       */
      ge = NULL;

found:
      if (vp->v_flag & V_XATTRDIR)
            VI_LOCK(fp->gfs_parent);
      VI_LOCK(vp);
      /*
       * Really remove this vnode
       */
      data = vp->v_data;
      if (ge != NULL) {
            /*
             * If this was a statically cached entry, simply set the
             * cached vnode to NULL.
             */
            ge->gfse_vnode = NULL;
      }
      VI_UNLOCK(vp);

      /*
       * Free vnode and release parent
       */
      if (fp->gfs_parent) {
            if (dp)
                  gfs_dir_unlock(dp);
            VI_LOCK(fp->gfs_parent);
            fp->gfs_parent->v_usecount--;
            VI_UNLOCK(fp->gfs_parent);
      } else {
            ASSERT(vp->v_vfsp != NULL);
            VFS_RELE(vp->v_vfsp);
      }
      if (vp->v_flag & V_XATTRDIR)
            VI_UNLOCK(fp->gfs_parent);

      return (data);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_inactive()
 *
 * Same as above, but for directories.
 */
void *
gfs_dir_inactive(vnode_t *vp)
{
      gfs_dir_t *dp;

      ASSERT(vp->v_type == VDIR);

      if ((dp = gfs_file_inactive(vp)) != NULL) {
            mutex_destroy(&dp->gfsd_lock);
            if (dp->gfsd_nstatic)
                  kmem_free(dp->gfsd_static,
                      dp->gfsd_nstatic * sizeof (gfs_dirent_t));
      }

      return (dp);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_lookup_dynamic()
 *
 * This routine looks up the provided name amongst the dynamic entries
 * in the gfs directory and returns the corresponding vnode, if found.
 *
 * The gfs directory is expected to be locked by the caller prior to
 * calling this function.  The directory will be unlocked during the
 * execution of this function, but will be locked upon return from the
 * function.  This function returns 0 on success, non-zero on error.
 *
 * The dynamic lookups are performed by invoking the lookup
 * callback, which is passed to this function as the first argument.
 * The arguments to the callback are:
 *
 * int gfs_lookup_cb(vnode_t *pvp, const char *nm, vnode_t **vpp, cred_t *cr,
 *     int flags, int *deflgs, pathname_t *rpnp);
 *
 *    pvp   - parent vnode
 *    nm    - name of entry
 *    vpp   - pointer to resulting vnode
 *    cr    - pointer to cred
 *    flags - flags value from lookup request
 *          ignored here; currently only used to request
 *          insensitive lookups
 *    direntflgs - output parameter, directory entry flags
 *          ignored here; currently only used to indicate a lookup
 *          has more than one possible match when case is not considered
 *    realpnp     - output parameter, real pathname
 *          ignored here; when lookup was performed case-insensitively,
 *          this field contains the "real" name of the file.
 *
 *    Returns 0 on success, non-zero on error.
 */
static int
gfs_dir_lookup_dynamic(gfs_lookup_cb callback, gfs_dir_t *dp,
    const char *nm, vnode_t *dvp, vnode_t **vpp, cred_t *cr, int flags,
    int *direntflags, pathname_t *realpnp)
{
      gfs_file_t *fp;
      ino64_t ino;
      int ret;

      ASSERT(GFS_DIR_LOCKED(dp));

      /*
       * Drop the directory lock, as the lookup routine
       * will need to allocate memory, or otherwise deadlock on this
       * directory.
       */
      gfs_dir_unlock(dp);
      ret = callback(dvp, nm, vpp, &ino, cr, flags, direntflags, realpnp);
      gfs_dir_lock(dp);

      /*
       * The callback for extended attributes returns a vnode
       * with v_data from an underlying fs.
       */
      if (ret == 0 && !IS_XATTRDIR(dvp)) {
            fp = (gfs_file_t *)((*vpp)->v_data);
            fp->gfs_index = -1;
            fp->gfs_ino = ino;
      }

      return (ret);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_lookup_static()
 *
 * This routine looks up the provided name amongst the static entries
 * in the gfs directory and returns the corresponding vnode, if found.
 * The first argument to the function is a pointer to the comparison
 * function this function should use to decide if names are a match.
 *
 * If a match is found, and GFS_CACHE_VNODE is set and the vnode
 * exists, we simply return the existing vnode.  Otherwise, we call
 * the static entry's callback routine, caching the result if
 * necessary.  If the idx pointer argument is non-NULL, we use it to
 * return the index of the matching static entry.
 *
 * The gfs directory is expected to be locked by the caller prior to calling
 * this function.  The directory may be unlocked during the execution of
 * this function, but will be locked upon return from the function.
 *
 * This function returns 0 if a match is found, ENOENT if not.
 */
static int
gfs_dir_lookup_static(int (*compare)(const char *, const char *),
    gfs_dir_t *dp, const char *nm, vnode_t *dvp, int *idx,
    vnode_t **vpp, pathname_t *rpnp)
{
      gfs_dirent_t *ge;
      vnode_t *vp = NULL;
      int i;

      ASSERT(GFS_DIR_LOCKED(dp));

      /*
       * Search static entries.
       */
      for (i = 0; i < dp->gfsd_nstatic; i++) {
            ge = &dp->gfsd_static[i];

            if (compare(ge->gfse_name, nm) == 0) {
                  if (rpnp)
                        (void) strlcpy(rpnp->pn_buf, ge->gfse_name,
                            rpnp->pn_bufsize);

                  if (ge->gfse_vnode) {
                        ASSERT(ge->gfse_flags & GFS_CACHE_VNODE);
                        vp = ge->gfse_vnode;
                        VN_HOLD(vp);
                        break;
                  }

                  /*
                   * We drop the directory lock, as the constructor will
                   * need to do KM_SLEEP allocations.  If we return from
                   * the constructor only to find that a parallel
                   * operation has completed, and GFS_CACHE_VNODE is set
                   * for this entry, we discard the result in favor of
                   * the cached vnode.
                   */
                  gfs_dir_unlock(dp);
                  vp = ge->gfse_ctor(dvp);
                  gfs_dir_lock(dp);

                  ((gfs_file_t *)vp->v_data)->gfs_index = i;

                  /* Set the inode according to the callback. */
                  ((gfs_file_t *)vp->v_data)->gfs_ino =
                      dp->gfsd_inode(dvp, i);

                  if (ge->gfse_flags & GFS_CACHE_VNODE) {
                        if (ge->gfse_vnode == NULL) {
                              ge->gfse_vnode = vp;
                        } else {
                              /*
                               * A parallel constructor beat us to it;
                               * return existing vnode.  We have to be
                               * careful because we can't release the
                               * current vnode while holding the
                               * directory lock; its inactive routine
                               * will try to lock this directory.
                               */
                              vnode_t *oldvp = vp;
                              vp = ge->gfse_vnode;
                              VN_HOLD(vp);

                              gfs_dir_unlock(dp);
                              VN_RELE(oldvp);
                              gfs_dir_lock(dp);
                        }
                  }
                  break;
            }
      }

      if (vp == NULL)
            return (ENOENT);
      else if (idx)
            *idx = i;
      *vpp = vp;
      return (0);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_lookup()
 *
 * Looks up the given name in the directory and returns the corresponding
 * vnode, if found.
 *
 * First, we search statically defined entries, if any, with a call to
 * gfs_dir_lookup_static().  If no static entry is found, and we have
 * a callback function we try a dynamic lookup via gfs_dir_lookup_dynamic().
 *
 * This function returns 0 on success, non-zero on error.
 */
int
gfs_dir_lookup(vnode_t *dvp, const char *nm, vnode_t **vpp, cred_t *cr,
    int flags, int *direntflags, pathname_t *realpnp)
{
      gfs_dir_t *dp = dvp->v_data;
      boolean_t casecheck;
      vnode_t *dynvp = NULL;
      vnode_t *vp = NULL;
      int (*compare)(const char *, const char *);
      int error, idx;

      ASSERT(dvp->v_type == VDIR);

      if (gfs_lookup_dot(vpp, dvp, dp->gfsd_file.gfs_parent, nm) == 0)
            return (0);

      casecheck = (flags & FIGNORECASE) != 0 && direntflags != NULL;
      if (vfs_has_feature(dvp->v_vfsp, VFSFT_NOCASESENSITIVE) ||
          (flags & FIGNORECASE))
            compare = strcasecmp;
      else
            compare = strcmp;

      gfs_dir_lock(dp);

      error = gfs_dir_lookup_static(compare, dp, nm, dvp, &idx, &vp, realpnp);

      if (vp && casecheck) {
            gfs_dirent_t *ge;
            int i;

            for (i = idx + 1; i < dp->gfsd_nstatic; i++) {
                  ge = &dp->gfsd_static[i];

                  if (strcasecmp(ge->gfse_name, nm) == 0) {
                        *direntflags |= ED_CASE_CONFLICT;
                        goto out;
                  }
            }
      }

      if ((error || casecheck) && dp->gfsd_lookup)
            error = gfs_dir_lookup_dynamic(dp->gfsd_lookup, dp, nm, dvp,
                &dynvp, cr, flags, direntflags, vp ? NULL : realpnp);

      if (vp && dynvp) {
            /* static and dynamic entries are case-insensitive conflict */
            ASSERT(casecheck);
            *direntflags |= ED_CASE_CONFLICT;
            VN_RELE(dynvp);
      } else if (vp == NULL) {
            vp = dynvp;
      } else if (error == ENOENT) {
            error = 0;
      } else if (error) {
            VN_RELE(vp);
            vp = NULL;
      }

out:
      gfs_dir_unlock(dp);

      *vpp = vp;
      return (error);
}

/*
 * gfs_dir_readdir: does a readdir() on the given directory
 *
 *    dvp   - directory vnode
 *    uiop  - uio structure
 *    eofp  - eof pointer
 *    data  - arbitrary data passed to readdir callback
 *
 * This routine does all the readdir() dirty work.  Even so, the caller must
 * supply two callbacks in order to get full compatibility.
 *
 * If the directory contains static entries, an inode callback must be
 * specified.  This avoids having to create every vnode and call VOP_GETATTR()
 * when reading the directory.  This function has the following arguments:
 *
 *    ino_t gfs_inode_cb(vnode_t *vp, int index);
 *
 *    vp    - vnode for the directory
 *    index - index in original gfs_dirent_t array
 *
 *    Returns the inode number for the given entry.
 *
 * For directories with dynamic entries, a readdir callback must be provided.
 * This is significantly more complex, thanks to the particulars of
 * VOP_READDIR().
 *
 *    int gfs_readdir_cb(vnode_t *vp, void *dp, int *eofp,
 *        offset_t *off, offset_t *nextoff, void *data, int flags)
 *
 *    vp    - directory vnode
 *    dp    - directory entry, sized according to maxlen given to
 *            gfs_dir_create().  callback must fill in d_name and
 *            d_ino (if a dirent64_t), or ed_name, ed_ino, and ed_eflags
 *            (if an edirent_t). edirent_t is used if V_RDDIR_ENTFLAGS
 *            is set in 'flags'.
 *    eofp  - callback must set to 1 when EOF has been reached
 *    off   - on entry, the last offset read from the directory.  Callback
 *            must set to the offset of the current entry, typically left
 *            untouched.
 *    nextoff     - callback must set to offset of next entry.  Typically
 *            (off + 1)
 *    data  - caller-supplied data
 *    flags - VOP_READDIR flags
 *
 *    Return 0 on success, or error on failure.
 */
int
gfs_dir_readdir(vnode_t *dvp, uio_t *uiop, int *eofp, int *ncookies,
    u_long **cookies, void *data, cred_t *cr, int flags)
{
      gfs_readdir_state_t gstate;
      int error, eof = 0;
      ino64_t ino, pino;
      offset_t off, next;
      gfs_dir_t *dp = dvp->v_data;

      error = gfs_get_parent_ino(dvp, cr, NULL, &pino, &ino);
      if (error)
            return (error);

      if ((error = gfs_readdir_init(&gstate, dp->gfsd_maxlen, 1, uiop,
          pino, ino, flags)) != 0)
            return (error);

      while ((error = gfs_readdir_pred(&gstate, uiop, &off, ncookies,
          cookies)) == 0 && !eof) {

            if (off >= 0 && off < dp->gfsd_nstatic) {
                  ino = dp->gfsd_inode(dvp, off);

                  if ((error = gfs_readdir_emit(&gstate, uiop,
                      off, ino, dp->gfsd_static[off].gfse_name, 0,
                      ncookies, cookies)) != 0)
                        break;

            } else if (dp->gfsd_readdir) {
                  off -= dp->gfsd_nstatic;

                  if ((error = dp->gfsd_readdir(dvp,
                      gstate.grd_dirent, &eof, &off, &next,
                      data, flags)) != 0 || eof)
                        break;

                  off += dp->gfsd_nstatic + 2;
                  next += dp->gfsd_nstatic + 2;

                  if ((error = gfs_readdir_emit_int(&gstate, uiop,
                      next, ncookies, cookies)) != 0)
                        break;
            } else {
                  /*
                   * Offset is beyond the end of the static entries, and
                   * we have no dynamic entries.  Set EOF.
                   */
                  eof = 1;
            }
      }

      return (gfs_readdir_fini(&gstate, error, eofp, eof));
}

/*
 * gfs_vop_lookup: VOP_LOOKUP() entry point
 *
 * For use directly in vnode ops table.  Given a GFS directory, calls
 * gfs_dir_lookup() as necessary.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
gfs_vop_lookup(vnode_t *dvp, char *nm, vnode_t **vpp, pathname_t *pnp,
    int flags, vnode_t *rdir, cred_t *cr, caller_context_t *ct,
    int *direntflags, pathname_t *realpnp)
{
      return (gfs_dir_lookup(dvp, nm, vpp, cr, flags, direntflags, realpnp));
}

/*
 * gfs_vop_readdir: VOP_READDIR() entry point
 *
 * For use directly in vnode ops table.  Given a GFS directory, calls
 * gfs_dir_readdir() as necessary.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
gfs_vop_readdir(ap)
      struct vop_readdir_args /* {
            struct vnode *a_vp;
            struct uio *a_uio;
            struct ucred *a_cred;
            int *a_eofflag;
            int *ncookies;
            u_long **a_cookies;
      } */ *ap;
{
      vnode_t *vp = ap->a_vp;
      uio_t *uiop = ap->a_uio;
      cred_t *cr = ap->a_cred;
      int *eofp = ap->a_eofflag;
      int ncookies = 0;
      u_long *cookies = NULL;
      int error;

      if (ap->a_ncookies) {
            /*
             * Minimum entry size is dirent size and 1 byte for a file name.
             */
            ncookies = uiop->uio_resid / (sizeof(struct dirent) - sizeof(((struct dirent *)NULL)->d_name) + 1);
            cookies = malloc(ncookies * sizeof(u_long), M_TEMP, M_WAITOK);
            *ap->a_cookies = cookies;
            *ap->a_ncookies = ncookies;
      }

      error = gfs_dir_readdir(vp, uiop, eofp, &ncookies, &cookies, NULL,
          cr, 0);

      if (error == 0) {
            /* Subtract unused cookies */
            if (ap->a_ncookies)
                  *ap->a_ncookies -= ncookies;
      } else if (ap->a_ncookies) {
            free(*ap->a_cookies, M_TEMP);
            *ap->a_cookies = NULL;
            *ap->a_ncookies = 0;
      }

      return (error);
}

/*
 * gfs_vop_inactive: VOP_INACTIVE() entry point
 *
 * Given a vnode that is a GFS file or directory, call gfs_file_inactive() or
 * gfs_dir_inactive() as necessary, and kmem_free()s associated private data.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
gfs_vop_inactive(ap)
      struct vop_inactive_args /* {
            struct vnode *a_vp;
            struct thread *a_td;
      } */ *ap;
{
      vnode_t *vp = ap->a_vp;
      gfs_file_t *fp = vp->v_data;

      if (fp->gfs_type == GFS_DIR)
            gfs_dir_inactive(vp);
      else
            gfs_file_inactive(vp);

      VI_LOCK(vp);
      vp->v_data = NULL;
      VI_UNLOCK(vp);
      kmem_free(fp, fp->gfs_size);

      return (0);
}

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